Nicaragua's main coffee-producing regions and their respective production percentages are; Jinotega (40.46%) of national production, Matagalpa (29.66%), Nueva Segovia (10.62%) and Madriz (9.60%). These regions together represent nearly 90% of national coffee production. More than 85% of Nicaraguan coffee scores 80 points or above.
According to the Nicaraguan Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA), taking into account geographical location as well as soil and climate characteristics we refer to three main areas where coffee is grown in Nicaragua, such regions are:
According to the International Coffee Organization (ICO); in the 2015/2016 harvest (October to April) we exported 985 thousand quintals of 60kg, which represented approximately 1.5% of world exports in that period. Based on data from the Central Bank of Nicaragua, in 2015 coffee generated US$ 392.27 million to our economy, the second most important export product.
This region produces 13.60% of the total production and includes the departments of Madriz, Nueva Segovia and Esteli. Coffee plantations are mostly located in the hills of Dipilto and Jalapa in Nueva Segovia; Miraflor and Pueblo Nuevo in Esteli; Savannas, Somoto Viejo, San Juan del Rio Coco and Telpaneca in Madriz. Coffee seeds grown in these locations have different characteristics and quality levels. This is why each of them can produce unique brands that may easily be associated to a specific geographical region.
Coffee production in this regions accounts for approximately 83.80% of national production. The region includes the departments of Matagalpa, Jinotega and Boaco and has exceptional agro-ecological conditions for coffee production. The central region produces mostly Strictly High Grown coffee (SHG) or high altitude grain type, with a perfectly balanced cup. This area includes the plain of the Isabelia Cordillera, the Mountains of Penas Blancas and the mountains of Matagalpa and Jinotega. These conditions make such lands perfect for coffee production.
Coffee production in this region represents approximately 2.60% of national production. Coffee-producing departments include Carazo, Granada, Masaya, Managua and Rivas. The major cities in such departments are Jinotepe, San Marcos, Diriamba, El Crucero, Masatepe, La Concha, the Mombacho and Casitas volcano, and the island of Ometepe. This region offers very high quality coffee with excellent aroma, fragrance and moderate acidity to create a fresh and well balanced cup. Production in this region is very traditional as it is run by small producers and differs from that of other regions where processing techniques are much more integral and centralized.
Coffee is also grown in Chinandega, Leon, Chontales and Rio San Juan. Likewise on the Atlantic Coast in the RACS and RACN.